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Part II: A Voyage to the Orient
The theoretical point of the celestial intersection [the "centre of Universe" or 2nd appearance] can be identified in the NAKSHETRA diagram.
The constituent stars of Nakshetra are as in the table below.
W - West face monument
E - East
NK - Not Known
SW - Southwest
The four corners of Orion are
12. Bellatrix (Uttareswara)
15. Betelguese (Prasurameswara);
17. Rigel (Lingaraj);
20. Saiph (Dakara Vivishana)
a- Usha (Bimaleswar)
b- Anirudha (Bhabanishankar)
c- Chitralekha (Mohini)
North/Polestar has not been considered
|11||Pegasus||U.B. Pada||Chandaka Fort|
|16||Deneb ||Kaitos||Udayagiri & Khandagiri|
|27||Crater||Pakhi Raja||Sisupalagada Fort|
Why the Kalingan Sailor and not some one else?
We have noted that Orion was visually aligned over the Kalingan territories for the longest period of time, in contrast to other places in
the Indian sub continent. Natives of this region thus had the means to dare out to sea and home again with the navigational aid of the
constellation. This practice must have taken a slow evolutionary route. While its studious aspect may have come much later; practice
preceded. Time and tide were with the ancient Kalingan sailor (seasonal fair weather with a long coastal belt; across the bay, another land;
none of these influences are available in India's southern tip, which has a vast endless ocean). Comparative archaeology throughout India
indicates that he also enjoyed royal and social patronage as well.
As the ancient Kalingan sailor set sail from Kartika Purnimaa (under the full moon of November) he might have trusted in this celestial
compass, or its hub (Orion), which in Vedic terms is "Jagya Soma" and in post Vedic and Siddhantic terms is "Kalapurasha / Rudra / Shiva."
This may possibly explain why every evening, even now, the Oriya household holds a burning oil lamp to the night sky during the month of
Kartika (October to November, we believe would have been the best time to have set sail). This practice is apart from the fortnightly hoisting of Masala / Maha deepa (the previously mentioned "flaming torch") atop the Lingaraj spire on every Chaturdasi.
Might we suggest that the spire itself may have acted as an additional signpost for the mariner, in daylight? Moreover, post sunset, the burning lamp may have played a role similar to that of a modern lighthouse. Might Chaturdasi have been an important date for navigation to and from the harbors?
In fact, coastal and deltaic hydrology supports this conclusion.
This argument, we deal with in our paper Balijatra (Sojourn to Bali Island), where we also try to peer through the demographic
maze and locate the descendants of that ancient maritime class. It may be relevant to remind the reader that in our paper
"The Cranium..." we have sought to portray the spire as a model of an ancient observatory. It may also be noteworthy that numbers of stars and constellations bear Indian names.
It was to the care of Kalingan sailors that Emperor Ashoka, post Dhauli (3rd century B.C) chose to entrust his only daughter in her voyage to Sri Lanka. Perhaps these professionals were indispensable even to the mighty all-conquering emperor.
Time of Rik Vedic and Nakshetra Civilisation
The time period between 36,000 B.C. and 10,000 B.C. mentioned above, if called the Rik and post-Rik Vedic, is fully consistent with the time
of Nakshetra. It is indeed possible then that the two civilizations existed in parallel. A possibly more-articulate Panini / vedic culture
may have derided the other but what harm the Kalingans may have done
to his times and his civilisation, remains untraceable and