Evolution by Catastrophe: Does it indicate Intelligent Design? (cont.)
By Bibhu Dev Misra (IIT, IIM)
conclusion that can be reached from the ‘punctuated
equilibrium’ model of evolution is that modern man i.e.
homosapiens must have also appeared in a ‘fully formed’
fashion after one of the ‘creation events’. Since the
most recent creation event took place at the beginning of the current
‘Kalpa’, nearly 5.5 million years ago, it implies that
modern human beings must have been walking the earth for at least
5.5 million years. This observation goes directly against the
current evolutionary view that modern human beings ‘evolved’
on the planet earth, from its ape-like ancestors, some 100,000 years
In the elaborately
researched book Forbidden Archaeology: The Hidden History of the
Human Race, the authors Thomson and Cremo provide a wealth of
evidence which highlights the extreme anquity of man[viii].
In the 1880s, in Castenedolo, Italy, G. Ragazzoni, a geologist, found
fossil bones of several Homo sapiens sapiens individuals in layers of
Pliocene sediment 3 to 4 million years old. In 1913, the German
scientist Hans Reck found at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, a complete
anatomically modern human skeleton in strata over 1 million years
old. In 1979, researchers at the Laetoli site, Tanzania, in East
Africa discovered footprints of modern humans in volcanic ash
deposits over 3.6 million years old. In an article in the March
1990 issue of Natural History, R. H. Tuttle of the University of
Chicago confessed that ‘we are left with somewhat of a
mystery.’ In 1965, Bryan Patterson and W. W. Howells found a
surprisingly modern humerus (upper arm bone) at Kanapoi, Kenya.
Scientists judged the humerus to be over 4 million years old. Henry
M. McHenry and Robert S. Corruccini of the University of California
said the Kanapoi humerus was ‘barely distinguishable from
modern Homo.’ All these anomalous discoveries, which have been
conveniently ignored by the mainstream evolutionists because they do
not conform to their proposed theoretical models, support the
contention that modern human beings must have appeared at least 5.5
million years ago, at the beginning of the current ‘Kalpa’.
In addition to human
remains, various types of man-made artifacts point to the immense
antiquity of man. Miocene tools (5-25 million years old) were found
in the late nineteenth century by Carlos Ribeiro, head of the
Geological Survey of Portugal. At an international conference of
archeologists and anthropologists held in Lisbon, a committee of
scientists investigated one of the sites where Ribeiro had found
implements. One of the scientists found a stone tool even more
advanced than the better of Ribeiro's specimens. Crude paleoliths
were also found in Miocene formations at Thenay, France. S.
Laing, an English science writer, noted: "On the whole, the
evidence for these Miocene implements seems to be very conclusive,
and the objections to have hardly any other ground than the
reluctance to admit the great antiquity of man." In 1880, J.
D. Whitney, the state geologist of California, published a lengthy
review of advanced stone tools found in California gold mines. The
implements, including spear points and stone mortars and pestles,
were found deep in mine shafts, underneath thick, undisturbed layers
of lava, in formations that geologists now say are from 9 million
to over 55 million years old!