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Evolution by Catastrophe: Does it indicate Intelligent Design? (cont.)
By Bibhu Dev Misra (IIT, IIM)

Another interesting conclusion that can be reached from the ‘punctuated equilibrium’ model of evolution is that modern man i.e. homosapiens must have also appeared in a ‘fully formed’ fashion after one of the ‘creation events’. Since the most recent creation event took place at the beginning of the current ‘Kalpa’, nearly 5.5 million years ago, it implies that modern human beings must have been walking the earth for at least 5.5 million years. This observation goes directly against the current evolutionary view that modern human beings ‘evolved’ on the planet earth, from its ape-like ancestors, some 100,000 years back.

In the elaborately researched book Forbidden Archaeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race, the authors Thomson and Cremo provide a wealth of evidence which highlights the extreme anquity of man[viii]. In the 1880s, in Castenedolo, Italy, G. Ragazzoni, a geologist, found fossil bones of several Homo sapiens sapiens individuals in layers of Pliocene sediment 3 to 4 million years old. In 1913, the German scientist Hans Reck found at Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, a complete anatomically modern human skeleton in strata over 1 million years old. In 1979, researchers at the Laetoli site, Tanzania, in East Africa discovered footprints of modern humans in volcanic ash deposits over 3.6 million years old.  In an article in the March 1990 issue of Natural History, R. H. Tuttle of the University of Chicago confessed that ‘we are left with somewhat of a mystery.’ In 1965, Bryan Patterson and W. W. Howells found a surprisingly modern humerus (upper arm bone) at Kanapoi, Kenya. Scientists judged the humerus to be over 4 million years old. Henry M. McHenry and Robert S. Corruccini of the University of California said the Kanapoi humerus was ‘barely distinguishable from modern Homo.’ All these anomalous discoveries, which have been conveniently ignored by the mainstream evolutionists because they do not conform to their proposed theoretical models, support the contention that modern human beings must have appeared at least 5.5 million years ago, at the beginning of the current ‘Kalpa’.

In addition to human remains, various types of man-made artifacts point to the immense antiquity of man. Miocene tools (5-25 million years old) were found in the late nineteenth century by Carlos Ribeiro, head of the Geological Survey of Portugal. At an international conference of archeologists and anthropologists held in Lisbon, a committee of scientists investigated one of the sites where Ribeiro had found implements. One of the scientists found a stone tool even more advanced than the better of Ribeiro's specimens. Crude paleoliths were also found in Miocene formations at Thenay, France.  S. Laing, an English science writer, noted: "On the whole, the evidence for these Miocene implements seems to be very conclusive, and the objections to have hardly any other ground than the reluctance to admit the great antiquity of man." In 1880, J. D. Whitney, the state geologist of California, published a lengthy review of advanced stone tools found in California gold mines. The implements, including spear points and stone mortars and pestles, were found deep in mine shafts, underneath thick, undisturbed layers of lava, in formations that geologists now say are from 9 million to over 55 million years old!

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Endnotes

  1. Michael Cremo and Richard Thompson, Forbidden Archaeology: The Hidden History of the Human Race, Bhaktivedanta Book Publishing, January 1998 [back to text]

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