The Great Pyramid and the Axis of the Earth - Part 2
By Gary Osborn and Scott Creighton
Part 2: Geophysical, Geodetic Alignments
Ask anyone about the Egyptian pyramids and most people will tell you that the pyramids were built as tombs for the ancient Egyptian Pharaohs. After all, that's what we were taught in school and far too many of us have accepted that explanation and have not concerned ourselves to think about the subject again.
The pyramids of Giza may indeed have been used as tombs, but what we are now going to reveal, provides proof that the Great Pyramid and the other pyramids at Giza were not designed nor built for the sole purpose of being mere burial mounds for a few vainglorious Pharaohs. Under the tremendous weight of numerous contradicting factors, this explanation remains wanting and many are now challenging this view.
The scientific knowledge incorporated in the Great Pyramid is startling in its complexity: that the basic shape of a pyramid could contain many different disciplines of knowledge is truly mind-boggling.
Many have said or indeed have discovered for themselves that the Great Pyramid is a mathematical compendium incorporating all kinds of astronomical and cosmological formulas.
Although mainstream Egyptologists and historians tend to ignore many of these factual findings and conclusions, and if pressed would answer with the words, "coincidence" or "fortuitous", we are told that the overall dimensions of the Great Pyramid incorporate measurements from which the Earth's size and shape can be calculated, as well as the distance between the Earth and the moon and the distance between the Earth and the sun.
It has also been established that the Great Pyramid is a scale model of the northern hemisphere of the Earth, incorporating the geographical degrees of both latitude and longitude and that the distance between the location of the Great Pyramid and the North Pole is the same distance between the surface of the Earth and its core-Center.
As we will now reveal, the Great Pyramid is also a miniature model of the whole Earth; its angle geometry incorporating a picture/diagram of the Earth's orbital dynamics and the obliquity of its axis, and that furthermore this picture is both determined and confirmed by the fact that the location of the Great Pyramid on the Earth is also incorporated within its geometry as a reference.
'If one is to send a message the prime requirement is of course that people will read it, it is no good putting it in a bottle, throwing it in the ocean and then hoping it will be found. One must place the message somewhere where it simply cannot be missed, a place so significant that its very location makes a notable statement in itself'.
An apt observation as we will see.
It appears that the location of the Great Pyramid is indeed a 'statement in itself', perhaps giving us the first clue that this impressive man-made structure contains comparative data pertaining to the obliquity (tilt) of the Earth's polar axis - and for good reason.
The Location of the Great Pyramid
Perhaps the first interesting thing that one discovers about the Great Pyramid is that it is perfectly oriented to the four points of the compass - only being out by 3 arc minutes - a discrepancy of less than 0.06 percent.
We are told that the most accurate north-oriented structure today is the Paris Observatory - however, even this is 6 arc minutes off from true north.
Like a huge sundial, the sharp pointed shadows cast by the Great Pyramid from the sun's position in the sky, will naturally mark the annual dates of the summer and winter Solstices as well as the vernal (spring) and autumnal Equinoxes.
The annual seasons result from the fact that the Earth is tilted some 23.5 degrees in respect of the plane of the Earth's orbit around the sun - known as the Plane of the Ecliptic.
The '23.5º' value is popularly used as a general figure. At present the exact figure for the obliquity (incline) of the axis is 23.44º - and in arc hours and minutes it is 23º 26'.
The Great Pyramid sits on the 30th parallel - almost 30 degrees, north latitude from the equator and just over 31°, east longitude from Greenwich.
Its location is actually 29º 58' 51" N in arc hours and minutes, and in degrees the location is 29.98º - just 2,125 metres short of exactly 30 degrees north latitude.
This relatively small discrepancy could be explained by the GP having been constructed on the closest suitable site to this 30ºN location and perhaps because it was built over an existing great mound or bedrock which was already worshipped as the 'primordial mound'.
Now the above is common knowledge, however, what many of us have neglected to realise is that as the Earth rotates daily on its oblique axis of 23.5 degrees, the Great Pyramid will move between two extremes - i.e., 36.5º from the North Pole of the Ecliptic and 53.5º from the ecliptic plane - to 60º from the North Pole of the Ecliptic and 6.5 degrees from the Ecliptic Plane.
Figure 1: The Great Pyramid and its two extreme positions from the Ecliptic Plane with the daily rotation of the Earth - 6.5 degrees and 53.5 degrees.