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A Study Of Catastrophes circa-3200bce and circa-2200bce (cont.)
By Andy Blackard

Approximately 2200bce - Multi-Regional Catastrophes and Collapse of Egyptian Old Kingdom, Harrapan Culture, Canaanite Settlements, Malta and Akkad

A millennium later, another series of catastrophic events happened around 2200bce and had a tremendous affect on humanity. Drought again devastates Egypt and Mesopotamia and this time China experiences its epic flood preceeding a drought.

General

  • 2354bce: Tree-ring data indicates global climate crises[12]
  • 2200bce: Early holocene abrupt climate change 3200bce [1]
  • 2200bce: Aridification, dust, and cooling event that is marked in more than 30 regions.[18]
  • 2000bce: Atlantic Ocean - major disruption of circulation pattern[19]

Americas/Greenland/Iceland

  • 2500bce: Iceland - Evidence of major volcanic activity [22]
  • 2500bce: Gulf of Mexico - End of period of very high flow of Caribbean waters into GOM [64]
  • 2350bce: Iceland - Tree rings show a minimal growth of trees linked to a volcano in Iceland. [31]
  • 2300bce: Peru - Drought indicated by contemporaneous dust events in ice cores from Kilimanjaro and Huascara´n in Peru [58]
  • 2200bce: Greenland - Ice sheet shows layer of volcanic dust
  • 2000bce: Argentina - Impact craters [6]
  • 2200bce: Peru - Major Amazon basin drought indicated by glaciers [29]
  • 2200bce: Chile - Formation of Punta Dungeness formation in Strait of Magellan [67]
  • 2200bce: Alaska, USA - Significant change in vegetation [68]
  • 2200bce: South Carolina, USA - Holocene highstand of relative sea level identified in Murrells Inlet, South Carolina.[71]

Egypt

  • 2350bce: Egypt -Unas Causeway carving shows emaciated people weakened by famine and dying of hunger [30]
  • 2270bce: Egypt - collapse of the Old Kingdom.
  • 2150bce: Egypt - Lake Faiyum, a lake of some 65 meters dried up [47]
  • 2150bce: Nigeria- dust deposition from Kajemarum Oasis indicates shift in weather pattern[47]
  • 2000bce: Aridification near sources of Nile, Tigris and Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow Rivers [19]
  • 2000bce: Kenya - Lake Turkana abruptly changed from an open to a closed basin around 2000 BC. [102]

Middle East

  • 2300-2200bce: Mesopotamia - Disappearance of oil lamps indicates agricultural failure and shortage of olive oil. [7]
  • 2300-2200bce: Syria - Tell Beydar in northeast Syria, ruled by the Akkadians, abandoned[13]
  • 2300-2100bce:Lebanon - Phoenicians are among a wave of Semitic migration that enters the Fertile Crescent [33]
  • 2300-2000bce: Canaan - Dating of destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah [38]
  • 2300-2200bce: Akkadian empire, Egyptian Old Kingdom, Harappan 3B Indus valley, and the Early Bronze 64 civilizations of Palestine, Greece and Crete all
    reached their economic peak at about 2300 bce, but were abruptly terminated before 2200 bce by catastrophic drought [37]
  • 2200bce: Mesopotamia - sea-floor dust proves 300 year drought ended Akkadian empire [11]
  • 2200bce: Mesopotamia - Curse of Akkad mentions flaming potsherds raining from the sky.[4]
  • 2200bce: Mesopotamia - 300-year long drought followed by deposition of volcanic dust in 2200 B.C. [25]
  • 2200bce: Syria - Tell Leilan in Syria linked to collapse of Mesopotamian civilization [19]
  • 2200bce: Syria - mid-construction abandonment of the Unfinished Building in Tel Lielan [38]
  • 2200bce: Canaan - Dead Sea level drops dramatically and never recovers [20]
  • 2200bce: Malta - destruction of Malta by flood [27]
  • 2200bce: Canaan - 20% drop in rainfall and hundreds of settlements abandoned [4] [28]
  • 2180bce: Syria - Tell Leilan evidence for Akkadian empire collapse [32]
  • 2100bce: UAE - Lake Awafi, Ras al-Khaimah dried and filled with sand [70]
  • 2000bce: Aridification near sources of Nile, Tigris and Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow Rivers [19]
  • 2000bce: Iraq - impact craters in Al ’Amarah marshes of Iraq [2][105]
  • 2000bce: Mesopotamia - fall of the last Sumerian dynasty [8]

India

  • 2200bce: India/Pakistan - Harappan culture transition from urban to rural [65]
  • 2200bce: India/Pakistan - O-18 evidence of drought event [65]
  • 2000bce: South India: Introduction of Indus Valley pottery style [82]
  • 1900-1800bce: India/Pakistan - Harappan culture in the Indus Valley collapsed [19]

Far East

  • 2400-2000bce: China - famous historic flood followed by aridification in 2000bce [19]
  • 2000-1500bce: West China cold event [19]
  • 2200bce: In south Asia, the Indian monsoon that provides 80% of the Nile flow was deflected [18]
  • 2000bce: China - collapse of Neolithic cultures [19]
  • 2200bce: Asia - Largest change in south Asian monsoon system in entire Holocene.[66]
  • 2000bce: China - Caucasian Loulan mummies in Taklimakan Desert of Xinjiang, China in the driest, saltiest part of Central Asia [106]
  • 2000bce: Aridification near sources of Nile, Tigris and Euphrates, Indus, and Yellow Rivers [19]

Europe/Scandanavia

  • 2300bce: Sweden/Ireland/Norway - peak in micro-meteorites in peat bogs [49]
  • 2300bce: North Sea - Intense inland sand transport indicating massive storms [39]
  • 2290bce: Ireland - evidence of volcanic activity preserved in bogs [21]
  • 2200bce: Europe - mini-ice age [28]
  • 2200bce: Jutland - intense movement of coastal sand by water erosion[39]
  • 2000bce: Northumberland, England - coastal dune development indicates massive North Sea storms [15]
  • 2000bce: Romania - Cave stalagmite O-18 depletion indicates cold event [61]
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