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Olmec HeadIn Fingerprints of the Gods I described one of the colossal Olmec heads of La Venta:

'It was the head of an old man with a broad flat nose and thick lips. The lips were slightly parted, exposing strong, square teeth. The expression on the face suggested an ancient, patient wisdom, and the eyes seemed to gaze unafraid into eternity... It would be impossible, I thought, for a sculptor to invent all the different combined characteristics of an authentic racial type. The portrayal of an authentic combination of racial characteristics therefore implied strongly that a human model had been used.
'I walked around the great head a couple of times. It was 22 feet in circumference, weighted 19.8 tons, stood almost 8 feet high, had been carved out of solid basalt, and displayed clearly an authentic combination of racial characteristics. Indeed, like other pieces I had seen, it unmistakably and unambiguously showed a Negro... My own view is that the Olmec Heads present us with physiologically accurate images of real individuals of Negroid stock...'

I returned to this mystery in my 1998 book Heaven's Mirror:

'Orthodox historians do not accept the presence of any Africans in the new World prior to the time of Columbus and have tried to sidestep the implications of the obviously African features of the 3000-year-old Olmec heads - 16 of which have so far been found. It may at least be taken as a sign that there is no racism in archaeology that there are also supposed to have been no Caucasians in the New World before Columbus! Scholars have therefore predictably raised quibbles about the Quetzalcoatl myth of the tall bearded white man and have sought to dismiss any suggestions that it might be reflected in the numerous reliefs of Caucasian faces that have been excavated in some of the oldest archaeological sites of Mexico. In the Olmec area several were found in the same strata as the African heads and sometimes side by side with them, but images of Caucasians have also been excavated as far afield as Monte Alban in the south-west, a site dated to between 1000 and 600 BC.'
'In 1996 and 1997 the discovery of Caucasian bones more than 9000 years old in the Americas seems, quite suddenly, to have validated the Quetzalcoatl myth. It is therefore now legitimate to ask how long it may be before another lucky turn of the archaeologist's spade will uncover the bones of individuals who could have served as prototypes for the great Olmec heads.'

That 'lucky turn of the archaeologist's spade' was not long in coming. On 22 August 1999, the London Sunday Times (and a few days later a BBC2 television documentary) reported the discovery in Brazil and Columbia of more than 50 skeletons and skulls of a Negroid people who had lived in South America about 12,000 years ago - about 3000 years before the first known penetration of Mongoloid peoples into this region. ([Link 2] and [Link 3])

One particularly well preserved example, the remains of a young girl whom scientists have nicknamed 'Luzia' has been described as 'the oldest human skeleton yet found on the American landmass'. It has been studied by Walter Neves, Professor of Biological Anthropology at the University of Sao Paolo, who states:

'When we started seeing the results, it was amazing because we realised the statistics were not showing these people to be Mongoloid; they were showing that they were anything except Mongoloid... They are similar to modern-day Aborigines or Africans and show no similarities at all with Mongoloids from east Asia and modern-day Indians'

The Sunday Times also quotes Richard Neave, a forensic artist with the University of Manchester who has made a reconstruction of Luzia's face. 'That,' he comments, 'is a Negroid face. The proportions of the face do not say anything about it being Mongoloid.'

Up till now, as far as I know, no scholar has pointed out that the discoveries in Brazil and Columbia could offer an explanation for the Negroid features of the Olmec Heads. It's true that the Olmec sculptures were found in strata between 3000 and 4000 years old - whereas the Brazilian and Columbian skeletons are much older than that. But this does not rule out a possible connection. At the very least it is surely an intriguing coincidence (a) that pieces of monumental sculpture depicting Negroid individuals have come down to us from the prehistoric antiquity of the Americas and (b) that a Negroid people, previously unidentified and unsuspected by historians, have now been scientifically proven to have inhabited the Americas around 12,000 years ago. Perhaps the "Olmec" Heads were not made by the "Olmecs" at all but were inherited by them as heirlooms, handed down from an earlier time?

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