Megaliths, Shamen & the City Builders – the hidden connections (cont.)
By Lucy Wyatt
Pyramids – not tombs
It is our cultural problem that we think of pyramids as tombs. Very few dead bodies have ever been found in them. The Egyptians buried their dead either in the Royal tombs on the West bank of the Nile opposite Luxor or in mudbrick mastabas. The Egyptian word for pyramid is mr which has the idea of an instrument for ascending. Another clue as to their function is to examine closely the structure of the most famous, the Great Pyramid at Giza.
Some statistics: the Great Pyramid covers 13 acres; 2.3 million blocks on solid rock; an average weight of 2 tons per block; some blocks are 50 tons each; four corners are true 90 degree angles ‘to within 1/100th of an inch’; it is aligned on the cardinal points and deviates by only 5 degrees.
Figure: The Great Pyramid, Egypt
What is remarkable about this pyramid is that it has clearly been constructed very carefully and very deliberately and it is devoid of any kind of internal decoration or ornamentation; whereas the mastaba tombs at Saqqara are beautifully decorated with the most exquisite bas-reliefs of life scenes that would help a pharaoh on his way in the afterlife.
To take the most important of the all the chambers in the great pyramid, the Kings Chamber, an enormous effort was made to bring extraordinary granite slabs – megaliths - that weigh up 50 tons 500 miles from the quarry in Aswan. And then these slabs were used in the chamber in such a way that their function was obviously not visual. Furthermore the chamber is deliberately constructed so that its walls and its ceiling are not connected. The ceiling is supported by walls beyond the internal walls. Above the ceiling are also a series of hidden granite beams with bits taken out of them.
A plausible explanation for all of this is that the purpose of the chamber was to create an electrical field using vibration. The quartz in the granite has piezo-electric properties. The reason for not tying in the walls to the ceiling was so that they could vibrate freely and the explanation for the gouges in the beams above the ceiling could have been for fine tuning the resonances.*
By way of reinforcing this idea of vibration in an electrical field, the pharaoh either lay in a sarcophagus of alabaster or granite or on a special Heb Sed festival bed covered in gold leaf – Tut’s golden bed can be seen in the Cairo museum – gold being a good conductor of electricity.
Before doing this the pharaoh put on the qeni garment over his chest and participated in the Wepwawet opening of the mouth ceremony. Was the point of using the qeni garment - which the pharaoh described as the embrace of Osiris - to protect the pharaoh’s heart from the electrical field? And was the ‘opening of the mouth’ ceremony to stop him from swallowing his tongue during his trance?
What confirms my suspicions that this was all part of a shamanic ritual are the Pyramid or Coffin texts. These texts were discovered in the C19th by Flinders Petrie, the Victorian archaeologist. Again it is our cultural problem that we think of them as the description of the journey of the pharaoh’s soul after death whereas it is more likely that they describe his soul’s journey in life. Dr Jeremy Naydler, an Oxford academic, is one of the few who has come to this conclusion.
The Pyramid Texts frequently refer to the pharaoh taking on the form of a bird and flying up or climbing a ladder. Chapter XX of The Book of the Dead, for instance, talks of the pharaoh rising into the sky ‘like the mighty hawk’.The Antechamber Texts in the Pyramid of Unas at Saqqara refer to ‘a stairway to the sky [which] is set up for me that I may ascend on it to the sky, and I ascend on the smoke of the great censing. I fly up as a bird’. Elsewhere, the same texts refer to the pharaoh flying up in the form of a falcon to the ‘imperishable northern stars’ – an important point I shall come back to.v