Evidence that the Avebury stone circle and its associated monuments show knowledge of past Polar positions
by S. F. Wells
Alignments within the Avebury monuments that correlate with previous Pole positions
Whilst assimilating the information in this section bear in mind that previous Polar positions are estimates and that they are also a ‘moving target’ as the displacement periods are unknown.
Only alignments of the major monuments and one other major prehistoric site in Britain have been used. There is no need to ‘find’ some previously obscure feature and make something of it.
Also note that the bearings of the ‘how far is it?’ program have been calculated from positions input to the nearest degree. My readings of bearings between the Avebury monuments are accurate to a few of degrees and also dependent on the accuracy of the map in the English heritage guidebook. If these monuments were being used as ‘sighting markers’ to detect Polar shift then absolute accuracy is not necessary. A few degrees of displacement will not change the climate of an area. 30 degrees of displacement will! It is 30+ degrees displacements that have occurred previously.
(10% displacement of Earth circumference = 36 degrees displacement)
Avebury circle itself
The first thing that strikes the visitor about the main Avebury ditch/bank/circle is that it has four clear entrances that are broadly laid out North, South, East and West. (See Fig 2).
However, it is also obvious that there is a significant misalignment to North/South. To the best of my accuracy and given that the entrances to the site have been extensively disturbed by roads being dug through I estimate the misalignment at 23 degrees west of north. No significance seems to be attached to this misalignment in either the English heritage guidebook or a book called ‘The secrets of the Avebury stones’ by T.Meaden.
This is because there is no obvious significance in astronomic terms or local geographic terms. However, the reader might have already noticed the significance in relation to previous Polar displacement. 23 degrees NW points almost exactly at the old Yukon Pole. (Bearing from Avebury 22.5 NW from table 1 above).
West Kennet long barrow
West Kennet long barrow is laid out East – West along its long axis. Although it is also noticeably misaligned. A right angle to its long axis also points 23 degrees west of north. It too is pointing at the Yukon Pole just as Avebury circle is.
Plan of West Kennet Long Barrow. Fig 3
East Kennet long barrow to Avebury
A bearing of East Kennet long barrow to the centre of Avebury is also pointing 23 degrees west of north. This line points at the Yukon pole. It may also be that the barrow itself is aligned in that direction. The rough plan in the English heritage guidebook indicates it might be. Some further work is required to confirm this.
Silbury Hill to Avebury
A bearing from Silbury hill to the centre of Avebury is 8 degrees East of North. This is almost exactly the estimate of the bearing of the Greenland Sea pole from Avebury at 8.8 degrees East of North from table 1 above.
In other words the line from Silbury to the centre of Avebury points exactly at the Greenland Sea pole. I believe this may be the first specific explanation of the possible purpose of Silbury hill ever proposed.
Avebury to Windmill Hill
The bearing from Avebury to Windmill hill is 46 degrees NW. From table 1 above this is almost exactly the estimated bearing to the Hudson Bay pole at 45.5 NW.
A line between Avebury and Windmill hill points at the Hudson Bay pole.
West Kennet long barrow – Silbury Hill – Windmill hill
West Kennet long barrow, Silbury hill and Windmill hill are three points on the same line. This line runs 26 degrees west of north. Again, very close to the bearing of the Yukon Pole at 22.5 degrees NW.
The Sanctuary – Avebury – Windmill Hill
A line from the Sanctuary, through the west gate of the Avebury circle to Windmill hill is straight. It bears about 44 degrees west of north. Again, very close to the estimated bearing of the Hudson Bay pole at 45.5 degrees NW.
Avebury centre – North East inner ring centre.
The centre of Avebury circle and the centres of the inner rings can only be estimated due to the extensive disturbance of the site. However, a best guess bearing gives 11 degrees east of north. Again, very close to the 8.8 east of north towards the Greenland Sea pole.
The NE and SE Inner rings
A line between the estimated centre points of the NE and SE inner rings is nearly parallel to the estimate of the misalignment of the whole Avebury circle at 23 degrees west of north. This line also points to the Yukon Pole.
Another interesting coincidence lies in the number of Stones used in these inner rings. Wilson & Flem-Ath note that some ‘sacred sites’ are the same degrees from the equator as there are between bearings from them to two different poles. Canterbury is a 45/45 site on this basis relative to its latitude now and the angle between its bearing from current north and Hudson Bay north. It was noted that the Sphinx temple was a 28/28 site based on previous latitudes and bearings and that the number 28 crops up in numbers of pillars, steps etc on the site.
At Avebury it was a 30-degree north site during the Yukon pole and also the bearing between the YKP and the next pole in the Greenland Sea is estimated at about 30 degrees when viewed from Avebury. So Avebury is a 30/30 site in that context.
The two inner ring complexes at Avebury each contained 30 stones. (See above).
How much of a coincidence is it that the exact number 30 crops up twice in the construction of the Avebury monument?
Avebury to Dowth Henge
So far nine different indications of previous polar positions have been found from the alignments within and between the monuments of the Avebury complex. One more is of interest. I read somewhere that the distance between Avebury and one of the largest henge monuments in Ireland is exactly 1 % of the Earths circumference. I decided to check it’s bearing as well.
Dowth henge is near Dublin in Eire and when I checked it’s bearing from Avebury I found it to be 47 degrees west of north. Again, within two degrees of pointing at the estimated position of the Hudson Bay pole.
I did also check in the other direction which would be somewhere in northern France but currently have no suitable map. A further piece of work will be to investigate if there are any ancient monuments approximately 400 km SE of Avebury on the reverse bearing.
While I was looking at this I did notice on a map of Europe that there is a very good line from Cairo (Giza) through Rome, Geneva, Paris, London and Dublin that would then run on to the estimated position of the Hudson Bay pole. Further investigation of the significance of this (if any) will have to wait for another time, as it is not within the scope of this paper.