The Death of Gods in Ancient Egypt
Jane B. Sellers
FIG. 13: THE DESCENT OF HORUS TO TAKE HIS EYE TO OSIRIS
The Papyrus of Amon-Em-Saf (Louvre)
FIG. 19: 'IN THE ARMS OF THE ABYSS'
FIG. 22: 'HE BECOMES GREAT KHEPRI'
At one point in time I contacted Wayne Annala who owned Stellatron, maker of my expensive Lodestar program, and asked him to check my determination of the date that Aldebaran ceased to blaze forth on the spring equinox morning. He too, determined that this event happened way back in time...long before what some call the Age of Taurus. (This would be when all the stars of that star group were obliterated from view by the sun on the vernal equinox date.) And althoughthis early date greatly complicated and prolonged my research, it led to a surprising discovery and an amazing hypothesis, the one advanced in The Death of Gods in Ancient Egypt.
Does my theory postulate a lost body of knowledge? Are the experts in error when they insist, as Otto Neugebauer did that "Ancient science was the product of a very few men; and these few happened not to be Egyptians."? How can the vision of the ancient Egyptian as mathematically simple minded and childishly superstitious about the workings of the sky be reconciled with the evidence of a people who built the Great Pyramid? They also devised, as Neugebauer declared, "the only intelligent calendar which ever existed in human history." Had the Egyptians measured the ever so slow backward lag of the heavens and computed when it would come back to its beginning point? Was the concept of the "Eternal Return" hidden in their "useless"diagonal calendars or "star clocks"? These are the questions that are struggled with whenever one investigates the long ago past of the remarkable Egyptians.
My conclusions had caused me to become a writer of questionable acceptance. One critic wrote that I saw eclipses in everything Egyptian...and perhaps so...but James Henry Breasted believed that until we understood the origin of that enigmatic object, The Eye of Horus, we would never truly understand their religion. And I believed, and still believe, that the sacred Eye of Horus had its origins in both phenomena, the Diamond Ring Effect and the precession's effect on the bright star Aldebaran. I believe that this coupling of origins had its beginnings in a turbulent 80-year period long before the written word existed.
FIG. 20: 'THE ONE BEING BORN'
The Tomb of Ramesses VI, Dynasty 20
There are other things touched on in Death of Gods besides discussions of precession and eclipses. There is speculation about the Sed Festivals and their timing, and there is speculation about ritual regicide in Egypt's early history, much as I would have wished to avoid it. Certain signs had to be investigated and certain conclusions at least approached. But... it should be obvious that I feel on the firmest ground when I speak of eclipses of the sun. Eclipses are not at all hard for the reader to visualize, nor difficult to believe that such events were traumatic for an ancient civilization who made the sun one of its primary gods. Precession is another thing... although my researches led to my own conviction of its role in the creation of myths.
In closing, here are three illustrations, along with their original texts. I suggest that the Twentieth Dynasty had not brought certainty to the Egyptian interpretation of the mysterious eclipse, with its mysterious Diamond Ring Effects. At one time I believe that they had seen an eclipse as a great battle, with an eye and a testicle being torn out, but now the fear would appear to have been diffused. The eclipse drama is seen as a rebirth after death, with rebirth being the appearance of the Diamond Ring... or the egg, if you will, from which life is born.
'I Was Conceived In The Abyss. I Was Born In The Abyss.'
The Inscription Above The First Mummy Reads: 'This God Is Like This, He Supports The One Being Born.' In Front Of The First Mummy Are The Words: 'The One Of The Egg'
There is also the very interesting illustration titled, "The Great Secret'... but to see that, one must either visit Ramesses tomb, or look in my book.
Jane B. Sellers