Author of the Month

To Infinity and Beyond: Transcending our Limitations (cont.)
By Nassim Haramein

A Black Hole Universe

While pursuing various readings at the time and looking at the currently accepted mass of our Universe, I realised that the Universe as a whole obeyed the condition that described a black hole. Later on, with the help of Dr Elizabeth Rauscher and afterwards Dr Michael Hyson, we developed various scaling graphs that supported the concept of a fractal black hole Universe.

Remarkably, after some 20 years of being almost alone in thinking that we may live in a black hole Universe, and in the middle of writing this article, popular science reports appeared that elaborated on the research of a physicist at Indiana University. The first sentence of the university's communiqué asks: "Could our universe be located within the interior of a wormhole which itself is part of a black hole that lies within a much larger universe?" 1a–b

So the vacuum energy was there at all scales, although in various densities— a gradient in the structure of space itself.

But could an atom, or the nucleus of an atom, be considered a black hole? I didn't know, and it was not until the year 2003 that I finally got to working out the calculations to make such a prediction.

At the time, I was living on the Big Island of Hawai'i and my daily routine started at sunrise with an encounter with the creatures of the ocean, usually wild dolphins, spinner dolphins in particular. The sensation of gliding in the ocean and the vorticular spinning hydrodynamics of the water around my body often reminded me of our daily "swim" through the vacuum structure and the Coriolis dynamic that was part of my views of the physics of creation.

It occurred to me that a certain percentage of the mass–energy of the vacuum must be contributing to the energetic event that we call the nucleus of an atom. I called Dr Rauscher right away and discussed the simple calculations that would tell us how much of the vacuum energy was necessary for a proton (the particle at the nucleus of an atom) to be in the Schwarzschild condition, the condition of a black hole. It took a remarkably small amount of the energy of the vacuum to do the job, but what was notable was that the energy it took was equivalent to the energy necessary to produce the force typically described as the strong nuclear force, or the strong force.

The strong force has always bothered me because, as in many other instances in modern physics (such as with dark energy and dark matter), the force had been simply invented, plucked out of thin air. When it was found that the protons were highly charged but confined to a very small radius in the nucleus of an atom, physicists went on to invent a force that would overcome the repulsion of the electrostatic fields of these particles, and they made it exactly what it was needed to be to do the job. Eventually it was found that the proton seemed to have smaller constituents within it called quarks, which were confined in an even smaller space, and so the colour force had to be invented and was thought to be infinitely strong. Now the original strong force was seen as only a remnant of this colour force.

From my point of view, the infinitely strong nuclear force was the result of the gravitational attraction of mini–black holes and it was extremely confirming to find that, when one considered the proton as a black hole, the energy necessary to make it such an entity was the energy typically associated with the strong force. Furthermore, although these calculations were very rough at the time, as we were scribbling on pieces of paper and napkins, it seemed that the Schwarzschild proton, as I came to call it, nicely predicted certain measured values of the proton entity. This was, and still is, a radical idea—although more and more physicists are coming to these conclusions now. Imagine all of the atoms that make up your physical body and the entire material world around you, made out of mini–black holes the size of a proton.

Although these initial calculations were somewhat conclusive, it took until 2008 before a first version of the calculation was published in one of our papers entitled "Scale Unification: A Universal Scaling Law for Organized Matter". A more complete version entitled "The Schwarzschild Proton" was eventually presented at a scientific conference in Belgium in 2009, where it won a "Best Paper Award", and is to be published this year

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