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White Island on the Ocean (cont.)
Seven Landscape Mysteries of Bronze Age Britain, A Unified Theory
By William Glyn-Jones


Heh clutching two palm ribs

Heh in this form features again in the Tutankhamun treasures, and in one example that is relevant here he appears with his two palm ribs on the handles of a lotiform calcite cup. Lotuses form the handles and Heh stands on these, rather as do the Four Sons of Horus in other images, who are associated with the "indestructible" circumpolar stars of the Northern Sky, and indeed the cup's inscription reads:

May thy Ka live and mayest thou spend millions of years, thou who lovest Thebes, sitting with thy face to the north wind, thy two eyes beholding happiness.


Tutankhamun's Lotiform Grail with Heh on the Lotus-bloom handles, kneeling on neb symbols, and holding ankhs - the whole representing the sweet life-giving winds of the North

Why is this relevant to the Long Man of Wilmington? The reason is that his orientation on the flat hillside is such that he gazes up to the circumpolar stars of the northern sky.

In the diagram I've shown the circumpolar region as the enthroned Osiris sitting before the lotus with the Four Sons of Horus. But isn't Osiris identified with the constellation of Orion, who stands upright when to the South? If we look at the images worked onto the gold shrine of Tutankhamun, we see him hunting in the Field of Reeds - Orion stalking the southern skies, I suggest - and also we see him hunting with bow and arrow with lion crouched at his side, and we see him enthroned. Leo is rising in the East when Orion is due south, and at the same time - i.e. the same time when Orion is in the South and Leo in the East - at this time of the night Casseiopia, as a throne, is the right way up in the Northern Sky (while at other times during the night the chair is on its side or even upside down). These, as I see it, are all equivalents of ka images of Osiris, the deceased king. The purpose of a ka image was to invoke the essence of enduring eternity in the Spirit Double body of the deceased, through connections to geometry and the fixed constellations. The deceased would have several different ka paintings and statues in different poses in the tomb - all in standard postures, including fowling with throwing stick in the marshes - and likewise Osiris can just as easily be sitting on the throne in the North, or with his lion in the East, or fowling in the South. That these three are all in their places and the right way up at the same time during the night strengthens the theory of a connection to a First Time, a time of Ma'at. When one is standing outside on a clear February evening in the current period, this configuration, redolent of the perceptions of the ancients, can evoke an extraordinary, numinous feeling, as we see Orion striding west in the South, then turn to see the beautiful Form of the Throne in the Northwest, right way up and facing the Pole. Things are set aright, returned to how they should be, the Scales of Ma'at rebalanced, with the image in the Southern Sky standing upright, and the chair in the Mansion of Osiris also the right way up, and Leo in the East as it was at dawn in the First Time: Osiris is on his throne and all is right with the world.

So, returning to the question of the sweet, life-giving winds that blow from the North in Egypt, we may note that Tehuti (Thoth) is in fact shown holding the was-ankh-was over neb grouping in the "Book of the Dead" (below), as an accompaniment to a text that describes the good things Tehuti did for Osiris, including resolving the battle between the "Two Fighters", Horus and Set. This text includes the words: "I come to you son of Nut, Osiris, ruler of eternity. I am one of the followers of Tehuti; I rejoice at all he has done. He brought you the sweet winds for your nostrils to give you life and he brought the beautiful wind to your face, which comes forth from Tumu [Eternity] for your nose."


Tehuti with was-ankh-was over neb

So here we see Tehuti "giving life", represented by the ankh, and we learn that he has done this by bringing the sweet winds, those that blow from the North. How is this linked to resolving the battle between Horus and Set, these "Two Fighters"? Well the same text, the one which the picture accompanies, also includes the words: "He (Tehuti) destroyed storms and whirlwinds for you. He caused the Two Fighters to be gracious to you." So it seems that the sand-carrying desert storms which blow in Egypt, apparently around April and May, were seen as being the result of the battle between Horus and Set, and because it was Tehuti whose measuring resolved the dispute, he was seen as the one responsible for ending the storms, and returning the peaceful state of weather, which in Egypt is the steady winds that blow from the North. The was-ankh-was can therefore be seen to be the balancing of the Two Powers - the was scepters - resulting in the sweet winds that bring life, the central ankh. The neb may in fact be 'Lord' after all - Lord of the Balancing of the Two Lands which Gives Life. Epithets of a similar type are known for high-level scribes. So Tehuti brings life back to Osiris. Ankhs are sometimes shown holding fans - this is certainly the case in the decoration of a fan found in Tut's treasures - fitting with their link to the breezes that bring breath back amid stifling Egyptian heat.

Returning to the lotiform grail, then, we can see that here Heh represents the sweet, cooling winds of eternity that blow gently from the North when the Two Fighters have been put in their respective zones by means of the Balancing of the Two Lands.

The lotus on which the Four Sons of Horus stands (a circumpolar constellation) is usually shown blooming in front of the Throne of Osiris. The throne constellation of Cassiopeia is a circumpolar constellation, for which reason it seems to me likely that this and the Throne of Osiris are one and the same. In another of the treasures of Tutankhamun we see the king enthroned like Osiris and being presented with the two palm ribs plus tadpoles representing millions of years by a female figure in Long Man pose, and the inscription tells us here the king is "given life".

Also shown above is another scene from this same artefact, the golden shrine of Tutankhamun. Here the king is hunting like Osiris in the Field of Reeds of the afterlife, with a stick raised above his head, ready to throw at waterfowl rising out of the marshes. The posture he has assumed here was a standard Ka image, used in wall paintings in tombs.

The Golden Shrine on which the above scenes were worked was built onto a sledge, associating it with an Otherworld location called Rostau, the place of dragging. Here again could be a figure with a raised stick, this time driving the cattle that pull the sledge. Since Orion is traditionally shown with a raised club in this same pose, and he follows closely behind Taurus across the night sky, and is associated with Osiris who hunts int he fields of the Afterlife, and since the journey to the Afterlife involved a passage into the West, could the ferrying represent this gradual movement of these constellation from East to West along the path of the ecliptic? They key thing to observe here is that now it is not a throwing stick that is brandished, but just a wooden stick, a club.


Ferrying the deceased through Rostau, (with Orion and Taurus?)

A straight track has been cut into the side of the hill of the Long Man, leading up to the area on the hilltop above the giant where round barrows are located. We might choose to imagine the deceased on a sledge being dragged by oxen up to this burial place.

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