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The Balance of the Two Lands: Ancient Egypt's Division According to the Ratio of Triangular Equilibrium (As immortalized in the Great Pyramid) (cont.)
By William Glyn-Jones

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Horus as Serpent Bearer with lotus and papyrus staffs and scorpion

So the resurrection of Osiris-Orion is somehow connected to the Balance of the Two Lands, and their unification - a point we shall return to in a moment. But first the point to note is that the ankh between two was scepters may indeed represent the Binding of the Two Lands, since twin staffs could indeed refer to these regions. Confirmation that the was-ankh-was symbol is indeed connected with the binding of the Two Lands is to be found in an exquisite artefact from Tutankhamun's tomb treasures. This is a long necked alabaster amphora made in the form of the sema symbol. Sema means "unite", and two fronds, one the papyrus of Lower Egypt, and the other lotus of Upper Egypt, are shown literally bound together about the neck or windpipe of this sema vase. In the lower register, where zig-zig patterns represent marshes - perhaps those of the Delta of Lower Egypt - we find examples of the animated was-ankh-was symbols. With the added support of the meaning of this piece as a whole, the interpretation where the central ankh is read as "to bind" and the grouping represents the same binding as represented in the upper register is strongly supported.

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Why was this symbol chosen to represent the Balance of the Lands? This was a mystery which sat on the back burner of my investigations for a good long period, until finally the satori moment came, the shivers up the spine, the eureka. As described by Vitruvius and depicted by Da Vinci, a man's arm span, from finger tip to finger tip with the arms raised to the horizontal, is equal to his height. As shown by Da Vinci in his Vitruvian Man drawing, this results in the concept of a square enclosing the figure of the man with his arms outstretched. The diagonals and the enclosed circle are natural, symmetrical, mathematical derivations of the square, and we have already seen that it is from these that the 'Balance of Upper and Lower" ratio is produced by geometry. If this geometry is added to the square enclosing the man, the 'Balance' height is found to be at the height of the arms raised horizontally to about shoulder height. This, of course, is exactly what is depicted in the elaborated Egyptian was-ankh-was images, some of which even emphasize the 'balance' aspect with the weights hanging from the elbows. Here we have a lasting, and hence truly Hermetic-Platonic universal human association with the geometry.

In fact, closer examination reveals that in the Egyptian canon - as in the one Da Vinci used - the ratio gives the relative height of a man's head, and, by extension, perhaps also the capital of pillars.

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Osiris-Orion at the Balance of Upper and Lower Skies

Scorpio sets as Orion rises, so in Greek myth Aesclepios, the Caduceus-bearing Serpent Bearer heals the hunter who was stung, for the Serpent Bearer constellation tramples on the head of Scorpio. Hence, it seems to me, "Osiris is come as Orion" follows on not long after "Scorpion, turn over and glide into the ground" in the pyramid texts. But why did the king's apotheosis as Orion in the night sky have something to do with the Balance of the Two Lands? How does this geodesy, this measurement of Egypt based on a geometric ratio, relate to the "Orion Mystery"? In Bauval's Orion Correlation Theory the celestial Nile was none other than the Milky Way, and the stars along its banks were seen as being pyramids in the sky; in the case of three of these stars in a notable asterism - "Orion's Belt" - this was mapped onto the Earthly equivalent, namely the land bordering the terrestrial Nile, in the form of the three pyramids of Giza. Part of the contextual appropriateness of this is that pyramids were seen as ladders into the sky by which the Pharaoh ascended to become one with Osiris in the form of the Orion constellation, as we know from the Pyramid Texts. We see various versions of this, such as Osiris escaping from the flood by ascending into the sky, or Osiris dying by drowning and then ascending as a spirit with, or one with, Orion. It is clear that this happened in the region of the Memphite necropolis, the pyramid fields region, which includes Giza. The Shabaka Stone text tells us that the 'Balance of the Two Lands' is 'the land of the burial of Osiris', and that the place where Osiris drowned was 'Division of the Two Lands.' Bauval writes that "The land of the 'burial of Osiris' which is the Memphite region is almost certainly also the Duat, the starry underworld containing Orion." It was surely this Duat region also which the chambers under the Saqqara Stepped Pyramid of Djoser represent, including the faience arch described above. In addition, Oakes and Gahlin in Ancient Egypt (published by Hermes House) write that Memphis is 'where Osiris entered the Underworld to become judge of the dead. The divine court, which finally decided that Horus should inherit the throne of Egypt from his father Osiris, was said to have sat at Memphis.'

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