Seraperion I & II
By Antoine Gigal
Publications by Antoine Gigal
For July 2011 Author of the Month we are pleased to welcome Giza researcher Antoine Gigal who will take us on a first hand tour of her fascinating research and discoveries. Please join her during July on the Author of the Month Message Boards to discuss her theories, research, and her article presented here in two parts about the Serapeum of Sakkara.
is a French writer, researcher and explorer, founder of Giza for Humanity Organisation (GH) as well as : International Women Explorer NGO (IWE). For the last 20 years she has lived mainly in Egypt and has explored all the most remote archaeological areas, especially those not yet open to the general public. With the eye of a scrupulous researcher Antoine brings us unprecedented access to new and first hand information about the understanding of very ancient Egypt and ancient civilizations.
She is the author of "The secret Chronicles of Giza" (in french) and of numerous series of groundbreaking articles mainly about aspects of Egyptian and megalithic civilizations never before revealed. Appearing in various magazines in English, French and Italian and Dutch. She had lectured extensively (in English, french and Italian) since 2002 across the world (South Africa, France,UK, Italy etc) and has appeared in History Channel TV series 2011(Ancient Builders,Lost worlds, Ancient Aliens,Secret code :Season 3), and radio shows : VoiceAmerica, Goldring, Hillary Raimo show, Sovereignmind, RedIce Creations, OtherWorld Radio etc... She organized the Conference of GH in Paris, France, with international speakers: in 2009 : « Some Ancient mysteries » and in 2010 :« Ancient Technology & Pyramids » and in 2011 :« The Physics of Ancient Egypt. ».She discovered 23 pyramids in Sicily not yet listed and the complex surrounding the pyramids of Mauritius.
Her early years were spent in Africa and South America giving her the chance to travel all over the world at an early age exploring different cultures and civilizations. She spent seven years in the Sorbonne University in Paris and to the National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations (founded originally by Champollion), where she graduated in Chinese and Japanese languages and civilizations, ancient translations. She also studied Archeology in Tolbiac University, Paris and Sanskrit, Latin and ancient Greek, and gained a reputation for translating ancient texts. She also speaks English,modern Egyptian, Spanish and Italian fluently. and personally leads several in-depth study tours to Egypt every year.
www.gigalresearch.com www.gizaforhumanity.org www.InternationalWomenExplorers.org
Today I'm going to take you to a site on the Giza Plateau, which is 6km from north to south and about 2km wide, that of Saqqara (29ｰ 51' N, 31ｰ 14' E, for those who want to look at the satellite views), southwest of Cairo, near ancient Memphis. I'm not going to talk about the famous Step Pyramid of Djoser (3rd dynasty, 2630 BC officially) built by his grand vizier, Imhotep, or of one of many mastaba that there are - no, not this time. I'll let you discover one of the most mysterious places in Giza, and the whole of Egypt ... the Serapeum, these strange catacombs.
Left: Satellite View, Right: Entrance to the Serapeum
Look at the view from above: the entrance to the Serapeum is almost in a straight line well above the small Userkaf pyramid and slightly on a diagonal above the great step pyramid of Djoser. I deliberately chose this picture from 1957 because now the ground in this area is so dug over, excavated by archaeologists' concessions, that it would be difficult for you to see where the entrance is.
The Greek geographer Strabo (57 BC-25 AD)
Some people, like Dr. Aidan Dodson, a professor of archaeology at the University of Bristol, do not hesitate to regard this incredible place, this Serapeum (in Greek Serapeion, formerly Sinopeion) as the most important monument in the history of Egyptology. This extraordinary subterranean site was rediscovered first by the indefatigable Greek geographer Strabo, who travelled in Egypt around 24 AD, accompanying his friend, the Roman prefect Aelius Gallus all along the Nile. It was he who alerted us in his writings to the sandstorms that can dangerously take you by surprise at the entrance to the site, concealed between two dunes, and bury you before you even find the door. He also mentioned the avenue of the sphinxes in particular, which made a 1300m. path through the dunes towards the Serapeum. This was a very important clue that made it possible much later to rediscover the site, which had disappeared from view, completely covered by sand.