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A Tale Of Two Lost Cities: Machu Picchu and Choquequirao (cont.)
By Brien Foerster

Books by Brien Foerster

A Brief History of the Incas

A Brief History of the Incas
US - UK - CA
See Brien's official store for previews

Hawai'i

Hawai'i
US - UK - CA
See Brien's official store for previews

Inca Footprints

Inca Footprints: Complete Guide To Cusco And The Sacred Valley Of Peru
US - UK - CA
See Brien's official store for previews

Inca: Before The Conquest

Inca: Before The Conquest
US - UK - CA
See Brien's official store for previews

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu: Virtual Guide And Secrets Revealed
US - UK - CA
See Brien's official store for previews

Choquequirao was probably one of the entrance check point to the Vilcabamba region, which includes Yllampu, and also an administrative hub serving political, social and economic functions. Its urban design has followed the symbolic patterns of the imperial capital, with ritual places dedicated to the Sun (Inti) and the ancestors, to the earth, water and other divinities, with mansions for administrators and houses for artisans, warehouses, large dormitories or kallankas and farming terraces belonging to the Inca or the local people. Spreading over 700 meters, the ceremonial area drops as much as 65 meters from the elevated areas to the main square.

According to this mind set, Yllampu was thus the northern entrance check point to the Vilcabamba region, supposedly protecting the Inca epicentre of Cusco and the Sacred Valley from invasion from Amazonian tribal people. A third site, Pisaq, east of Cusco, which is another massive mountaintop construction, is thought to have protected the eastern flank of the Vilcabamba area from entrance from the Amazon region as well.

Although both Yllampu and Choquequirao are claimed by archaeologists and historians alike to be exclusively the work of the Inca, in the 15th century, there is tantalising evidence, in stone, of previous occupations. The brilliant Jesus Gamarra, carrying on the work of his father Alfredo has documented curious stone structures at Yllampu, Choquequirao, as well as numerous sites in Cusco and throughout the Sacred Valley which clearly seem to predate the Inca by possibly thousands of years, based on the weathering of the surfaces of the rock.

Jesus and Alfredo believed that two evolved civilizations existed long before the Inca, called the Uran Pacha and Hanan Pacha, whereas the Inca period is include within what they call the Ukan Pacha. These are not the actual names of the cultures, but more represent timelines or levels of consciousness. The Inca had a belief system based on three levels of being, all co-existing; the Ukan Pacha (lower world), Uran Pacha (middle world) and Hanan Pacha (upper world.) These approximately equate with subconscious, conscious and super-conscious states of being.

The Gamarras used this concept to name the Inca and two previous civilizations because it is their belief that the Inca, being the most recent, in fact created the least sophisticated stone structures, and that the more impressive ones, such as those that employed the largest stones and highest levels of precision, belong to the earlier “lost” cultures. In simple terms, the constructions employing polygonal, surgically precise and mortar less fitting stones are regarded as Uran Pacha. Examples of this at Yllampu include the wall surrounding the Temple of the Sun, as well as the buildings leading up to the Intihuatana (Hitching Post of the Sun.)

Hanan Pacha, the older and more obscure style, which seems to largely consist of sculpted protruding bedrock, may have the Hitching Post of the Sun itself and the stone enclosed within the Temple of the Sun as examples at Yllampu. A large and beautifully shaped stepped stone structure at Choquequirao may be another, but the author, truthfully, has never been there, so bases this solely on seen photographs.

I do (of course) recommend that you read one or more of my e-books for greater detail and discussion of the “Pacha” concepts, especially: Inca Footprints; Walking Tours of Cusco and the Sacred Valley of Peru, as well as Machu Picchu: Virtual Guide and Secrets Revealed. Both, as well as my other e-books about ancient Peru, and Hawaii, are available at my websites: www.brienfoerster.com and www.hiddenincatours.com

Jesus Gamarra has a website: www.theorigintour.com which highlights his research and tours, and his student and associate Jan Peter de Jong has made a DVD, along with Jesus, called “The Cosmogeny Of The Three Worlds” which is available through his website: http://www.ancient-mysteries-explained.com/.

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