The Disappearance Of The Children Of Viracocha, Part 3: Cuzco: The City Which The Inca Found, Not Founded (cont.)
By Brien Foerster
And finally, let us visit the crown jewel of all of the Inca`s great accomplishments, or at least the most lauded, Machu Picchu. Again, conventional knowledge states that this great and lofty citadel was built, exclusively, by Sapa Inca Pachacutec, over the course of his reign of perhaps 30 years.
If the above is true, then why are there explicit examples of Hanan Pacha and Uran Pacha there, and strategically placed. Like many ancient cities or large sacred places, it is easy to see where the first constructions of Machu Picchu are.
The Intihuatana, or Hitching Post of the Sun is not simply a finely shaped large piece of stone. It is the highest example of exposed bedrock in the area, and clearly Hanan Pacha. Also, the interior of the Temple of the Sun, which is nearby, has all of the hall marks of being either Hanan Pacha, or Uran Pacha at the latest. It is exposed bedrock with the same type of moulded depressions that one finds at Sachsayhuaman.
Surrounding both the Intihuatana and the Temple of the Sun`s core are the finest wall constructions to be found at Machu Picchu. The stone is white granite, as is most of the whole city, and here the stones, some 10 feet long and 8 feet high, at the base of the Intihuatana, fit perfectly together. The farther one goes from these two famous constructions, in general, the poorer the craftsmanship.
It is not hard to theorize that the Intihuatana and Temple of the Sun, as well as the Temple of the Condor which is not far away, form the early nucleus of this complex, and are far more ancient than most archaeologists believe. Like any major sacred place, later cultures came and added to it. In the case of the Inca, the last of its inhabitants, the huge system of agricutural terraces and most of the houses were most likely built under the watchful eye of Pachacutec.
In the next paper I would like to more deeply probe into Ollantaytambo, because this place, which very much takes a back seat to Machu Picchu in the eyes of scholars and the general public alike, holds deep secrets about the Inca and their origins as a distinct people.
The early writer Fernando de Montesinos, much maligned by his contemporaries, may hold keys to the early stages of the Inca. According to him, more than 60 rulers, in succession, called Amautas, preceded Manco capac, who is commonly thought of as the first Sapa Inca; the one who left the Titicaca region about 1000 AD and founded Cuzco about 1200 AD.
The Amautas did not live in Cuzco, according to Montesinos, but at Ollantaytambo, whose original name was House of the Dawn.