The Disappearance Of The Children Of Viracocha, Part 3: Cuzco: The City Which The Inca Found, Not Founded (cont.)
By Brien Foerster
Ukun Pacha is best described as constructions employing small (a foot or less long on each side) reasonably tightly fit together, with the white points still observable of the makers finish, or even cruder stones, of random and yet small size “glued together” with clay based “adobe” or mud.
The finest display of this, perhaps, is to be seen at Ollantayatmbo, a huge site in the Sacred Valley which is now also the terminus of the Machu Picchu train.
The great agricultural terraces that climb up the northern hillside of the main part of this complex is Ukun Pacha; clearly constructed during Inca times to feed an expanding population. However, to the left of this area, and more than 100 feet above the beginning of the terraces is a beautiful polygonal Uran Pacha wall, composed of blocks averaging 4 feet or more on each side. The joints are technically perfect, and there are many of the protruding nodes that have been described earlier in this paper.
Even more spectacular than this wall is the now heavily damaged Temple of the Sun. The stones here, most in a state of disarray, are made of pink granite. In the whole complex of Ollantaytambo, a site that takes up hundreds of acres, only here do we find pink granite, aside from individual Herculean blocks, clearly originally from here, that lay on the valley floor, far below.
Some of the pink granite stones are 15 feet long, and 6 feet high and deep. Conventional archaeologists suggest that this was an Inca project which was abandoned before the arrival of the Spanish, but it takes little or no imagination to see that a cataclysm had destroyed what was once an intact temple.
Far off to the right of the terraces, away from where most tourists venture to spend time, is the Temple of the Condor. This andesite rock face, at least 200 feet high, takes the form of a giant bird, complete with head, beak, neck, and wing. It could very be a natural formation, but what is not are the multiple Hanan Pacha “cut outs” and “stairways” that literally cover the area.
Also, at the base are the scattered stone remains of different buildings, long ago destroyed. And I mean destroyed, not damaged. The archaeologists, unable to figure out which block goes where, have simply stacked these stones in neat piles. Some are andesite, and others basalt. Many are simple yet finely finished, while others have impressions or large square notches which remind one of the ruins of Puma punku, back in Bolivia.
So was all of this conceived and built during the time of the Inca, from about 1200 to 1532 AD, when the Spanish arrived. Hardly.