The Disappearance Of The Children Of Viracocha, Part 3: Cuzco: The City Which The Inca Found, Not Founded (cont.)
By Brien Foerster
The so-called Hanan Pacha constructions are at least as bewildering, if not more so. Again, these are areas of seeming bedrock that have been clearly shaped and/or sculpted. None seem to be present in the city of Cuzco itself, but in the hills above, some being close to Sachsayhuaman, they are in great abundance.
Due north of the zigzag wall of Sachsayhuaman, perhaps half a kilometre away, is the Chinkana; a single stone the size of a large house, composed of andesite. All over its surface, and especially on its crown, are hundreds of carved out impressions, forming what look like seats and round pits, many being more than a foot deep.
Also, on the north side, there are three large cut out “thrones” on which the Sapa Inca, his Coya (first wife) and the highest Nuestra (Virgin of the Sun) would sit during special occasions. The odd thing is, that less than 30 feet away there is the base of a hill that rises up several hundred feet. So what would these regal people be looking at from these hewn out thrones? A corn patch?
On the south side we find a great example of where this Hanan Pacha “temple” for lack of a better word meets with other styles and probably ages of construction. Butting into the Hanan Pacha structure are two polygonal walls of tight fitting stones that form perfectly into its curved surface. The former has been called, by Jesus and Alfredo Gamarra, Uran Pacha, which is thought to be a later form of construction than Hanan Pacha.
Indeed, the Gamarras also believe that the zigzag wall of Sachsayhuaman, and the green granite walls of Hatunrumiyoq are of this Uran Pacha period. Polygonal tight-fitting and uniquely shaped stones seem to be the hall marks of this time and style of building.
Adjoining the Uran Pacha walls at the Chinkana are other walls, which again meld into and even cap the Uran Pacha ones; these the Gamarras call Ukun Pacha, and are believed to be the style most used by the Inca.