The Disappearance Of The Children Of Viracocha, Part 3: Cuzco: The City Which The Inca Found, Not Founded
By Brien Foerster
Moray, Sacred Valley - Photo by Luna M.Flores
This is part 3 of researcher and writer Brien Foerster's regular column here at Grahamhancock.com. Brienís study and insight into the Incaís ancient origins shed a new light on that famous South American culture. The implications are both startling and far reaching suggesting a connection to a pan Pacific civilization reaching back to mankindís most distant past. Join Brien on the GrahamHancock.com Mysteries Message Board where he will be conducting a continuing discussion surrounding his research and regular contributions to these pages. Please check in for the next installment from Brien.
The greatest mystery about the Inca is not their accomplishments, but their origins. Where could such a sophisticated culture have come from?
It is well written through accounts of the conquistadors, and Inca descendants that these people came to Cuzco as a fully developed society; teaching agriculture, metallurgy, animal husbandry, textile weaving, and the arts of warfare and politics, amongst other civilizing pursuits, to seemingly less developed people who were already inhabiting the area.
Cultures clearly donít appear out of no where fully developed, unless they just climbed out of a space ship; and I am not going to entertain this idea in this paper; such an idea is both too far fetched and too easy, at the same time.
Tiwanku and the Island of the Sun in Lake Titicaca are the most commonly believed source places of the Inca. This is based on the fact that very old stone ruins, and traceable archaeological remnants have been found in both locations which clearly predate the most commonly believed Inca age of Cuzco, that being that the city was first entered by the Inca about the year 1200 AD.
Tiwanaku ( or Tiahuanaco ) is clearly a mysterious place. Many writers have questioned how such an advanced culture could have survived and even thrived at its 13000 foot high elevation. Rainfall is scant here, and the only crops that grow are potatoes and quinoa, an Andean grain.
Yet archaeologists suggest that the population of Tiwanaku was between 100,000 and 1,000,000 at itís height, about 600 to 800 AD. A rather ingenious system of raised bed agriculture, called Suka Kollus allowed the Tiwanakans to produce up to 21 tons of potatoes per hectare, while modern agriculture techniques at lower altitudes produce 14.5 tons per hectare, and non Suka Kollus production in the Bolivian altiplano produces a meagre 2.4 metric tons per hectare.
The raised bed system allowed such high yields because the soil could contain and hold more water, and daily heating by the sun kept the crops from freezing overnight.