An Ancient Hindu Royal Throne
By Deepak Bhattacharya
F - Conjecture
Composites consisting of Lion body with monarch’s face in durable plastic meant for permanent, open, public display, have been in vogue since Nile valley civilisation period 16, 17. With suggestive wings in Hinayana art 18; representing the sovereign since Asoka’s time in India 19. CSMJK is the Orissan variant. Select entrance level placement may have been the cause of the term singha-dwar (Lion’s gate); while he is on throne, the seat becomes singhasana; his door of entry is singhadwar; his title is kesari (lion). On all India basis author has noted that no monument dated between 10th –16th AD have such singhadwar concept as it is in Orissa .
Kesari possibly preferred entering such sites via main entrance . To avoid the ever present Kesari in his theriopoanthromorphic form at the main entrance at Jagannath temple, the later sovereigns (who had differing dynastic lineage), hence, may have devised the concept of entry via other gates !
Yayati (on chariot & windy) 20 ; Kesari (Lion); Nara-Singha (man-lion); Singhasana (lion’s-seat); Singhadwar (lion’s-door) offer correlation with the individual motifs as noted on this throne & the composite. These relate the throne to the person of Jajati - Kesari.
It also needs to be seen whether monarchs down the line used this throne or not ?. If Yes; this then is, the royal throne of Orissa.