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Human Anatomy in Ancient Stone Sculptures and Epigraphy as Evidence of Human Health Care Science in Ancient India
By Deepak Bhattacharya 1; L M Mukherjee 2

Abstract

Skeletal picture & role of muscles are indicated clearly in temple stone art of 7th AD. Name, nativity parentage of a surgeon, a hospital, its sovereign, possible manager or administrator are indicated in rock inscription dated to 9tth AD. This paper subtly & latently seeks to bring out the hitherto hidden chapter of material evidence of ancient Indian school of medicine in extant cognate group of man made stone art archaeology, presented on a background of acknowledged secondary evidence of such ancient school and contrasted vis-a-vis modern science based knowledge. It also throws up the possibility of knowledge in anatomical dissection and a possible practice in Osteology & Invasive medicine 1500 yrs ago and the possibility of regional variation or separate schools within the then geography of Indian subcontinent ..

Key Words

Atharva Veda, Atreya-Charaka, Susruta, Bhringi, Chamunda, Parasuram Temple, Skeletal Picture, Bhubaneswar, Ancient Indian School, Ancient Osteology.

Introduction

The Indian system of medicine [ human health science & care ] alias the Atreya - Charaka school is said to have a long illustrious list of researchers, practitioners & commentators of which the following names are mentioned as token - Dhanwantari, Atreya, Charaka, Dribhabala, Jivanananda, Susruta, Chakrapani dutta, Dheda, Gangadhar, Aparaka, Vighneswar, Sulapani, Mitra Mishra, Nanda Pandita, Bhagabata, Bhoja, Dallana, etc 1.

Non medical texts viz.-Atharva veda, Agni purana, Vishnu Dharmottara purana, Sathpatha Brahmana, Yagyanvalaka - Samhita, also deal with medicine, hygiene & health care 1.

1 - Director, Oddisi Research Laboratory, Kedar Gouri Road, Bhubaneswar -751002. oddisilab@sancharnet.in
2 - Prof & Head, Dept. of Surgery, MKCG Medical Collage, Berhampore, Orissa

The Indian school of art in durable plastic has also been held as equally or more ancient, well organised in story telling, is noted for profuse inflorescence from 3rd millennia B C ( Mohenjo daro & Harappa ) 22, at the least 23. Ancient Indians were as well strong in astronomy & load structure engineering 24.

At some point of time somewhere such streams may have come together for social or / & mutual benefit or for as yet undermined reasons or by chance and in the process an indelible evidence may have been created. In the absence of original texts 1 such material evidence if any, assumes added significance. Thus commenced our search.

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