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The Great Pyramid and the Axis of the Earth - Part 1 (cont.)
By Scott Creighton and Gary Osborn

Bauval tells us that first the southern shaft of the King's Chamber (45º) aligned with the star Al-Nitak in the constellation of Orion around 2,475 BCE. This is long after the reign of the fourth dynasty pharaoh Khufu who is said to have reigned between 2,589 and 2,566 BCE, and whom Egyptologists believe had ordered the construction of the Great Pyramid for his own personal tomb. Bauval says that at this time Al-Nitak within Orion's Belt, was crossing or transiting the Giza Meridian at 45º exactly.

Bauval then informs us that the northern shaft of the King's Chamber (32º 28') aligned with the Polestar Thuban in the constellation of Draco around 2,425 BCE. There is no date given for the northern shaft of the Queen's Chamber that Bauval says aligned with the star Kochab in the constellation of Ursa Minor. Finally, Bauval states that the southern shaft from the Queen's Chamber (39º 30') aligned with Sirius around 2,400 BCE.

Clearly there is a problem here, because the lower levels surrounding the Queen's Chamber would have been constructed before the upper levels surrounding the King's Chamber. However, we are being told that the shafts from the King's Chamber were meant to align with Thuban and Al-Nitak before the shafts of the Queen's Chamber were meant to align with Kochab and Sirius.

Furthermore, it is suggested by some Egyptologists that the so-called Queen's Chamber was constructed only as a 'stand-by' chamber should the builders have failed in their greater goal of constructing the main King's Chamber higher up the pyramid. This idea, however, seems to be contradicted by the angles of the shafts which are significantly different in the King's Chamber to those of the Queen's Chamber. This proposal would seem to imply that Khufu apparently changed the stellar destination of his soul during the construction of his pyramid and thus changed the angle of the King's Chamber shafts to reflect this change of mind.

Oddly, however, Khufu continued constructing the Queen's Chamber shafts long after this apparent change of mind. It seems somewhat peculiar that Khufu would continue to construct the Queen's Chamber shafts (at the very same time as the King's Chamber shafts were being constructed) when it seems that he had already changed the stellar destination for his soul as evidenced by the changed angle of the King's Chamber shafts. Why continue to construct the 2 Queen's Chamber shafts when these apparently had been superseded by the new stellar destination implicit in the changed angles of the King's Chamber shafts?

From what we now understand, it is tempting to agree with Bauval and his predecessors on the theory that the shafts do indeed have some kind of stellar association. However, although Bauval's own thesis is interesting, the order in which he places these dates leave room for some doubt which leads us to take the view that there has to be some other stellar connection with the shafts of the Great Pyramid.

Due to the work of German explorer, Rudolph Gantenbrink[3] and the small robot he constructed to explore these shafts, it has so far been found that some two-thirds up along its length, the southern shaft exiting the Queen's Chamber had been purposely blocked by two "doors" or limestone plugs some 5 inches square. First there was the discovery of the first door which immediately caused a media sensation. This door was later breached by sending a robot up the shaft with a drill attached so as to make a hole big enough in the door to pass a camera-eye through. But once through, a second door was found. At present, Gantenbrink's work continues to see or go beyond these "doors", and to discover what might lie on the other side, and it has been theorized that a chamber may indeed exist at the end of the shaft. At the time of writing, this remains to be seen. In any case, as a result of Gantenbrink's fastidious explorations, all four shafts have now been carefully tracked, meticulously examined and measured from inside; every twist and bend recorded, analysed and assessed . . . however . . .

Everyone seems to be searching for a 'practical' purpose for these shafts. They point out that no light can shine down these shafts and no one can see the stars through these shafts anyway - as if this is in itself a revelation. Amazingly, this fact is still being used to explain away the 'star-shaft theory' even though Bauval has stated many times that these shafts were symbolic - inasmuch as they "guided" the dead Pharaoh's soul to the stars.

Surely, however, if the King wanted his soul to reach particular locations in the heavens then his architect would have FIRST measured the inclination of these celestial locations and then ensured that the shafts that were eventually to be built into the body of the pyramid were angled at these precise inclinations to facilitate the correct ascent of the King's soul to the desired celestial locations. However, if as Legon proposes, the shaft angles were determined purely around the practicalities of reaching the exterior of the pyramid ABOVE and to the DETRIMENT of the King's desire that they should be best angled to enable his soul to ascend to particular celestial locations, then the King's soul might never reach its intended destination in the heavens.

Bauval's view that the four shafts guided the soul of the pharaoh to the stars is supported by what is described in the Pyramid Texts. It could also be argued, however, that the purpose of these shafts was to attract or perhaps 'extract' the magical essence of these stars associated with what they stood for in terms of magical correspondences and deliver their empowering energy, as was believed, to the pharaoh whose body occupied these chambers and whose soul was believed to have travelled to and became these stars - all highly symbolic.

But concerning the shafts themselves, perhaps we should all stand back a little and take a more "lateral" perspective as it were. In our view, the initial purpose of these shafts is that they may have been intended by the designers to be viewed as "pointers" to the stars - more like the indicators and "arrows" we see in drawings and diagrams which are used to point out the more significant features.

The shafts are pointing out the stars that the ancients wanted us to recognise . . . as the inclinations of these stars are part of a very simple and logical 'message'.

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  1. R. Gantenbrink - [back to text]

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