Author of the Month

A Study Of Catastrophes circa-3200bce and circa-2200bce (cont.)
By Andy Blackard


Why have we previously seen history from the perspective that highly-urbanized civilization began in the near east around 3000bce? My personal opinion is that because what archeology has found in past decades was not the beginning of urban civilization, but possibly the oldest remnants of the rebuilding of civilization after the slate was wiped clean in around 3200bce (5.2kya). This does not preclude the possibility that the slate was likewise wiped clean earlier, in say 10,500bce as some suggest. However, it would make the evidence harder to find.

I realize that the above lists were a statistically-biased selection of climate change/cultural disruption events. By biased, I mean that similar events also happened in isolated instances at many other times. However, what I hope to provide is evidence that there was an extreme sycnchronicity of events at these two dates.

I tried to resist excessive speculation, but rather just present the events that I have noted (with references where possible) and my impressions as food for thought, topics for discussion and possible inspiration for future research. I am not a professional writer or archeologist, so I do not see pursuing this hypothesis to completion, personally.

However, I believe that I can point out one thing that I have learned from this investigation which may be new. That is that our view of legendary ancient floods and droughts may be far too simplistic. Except for the case of true planetary ice ages, where the earths water is taken up by the ice caps on a global scale, I think that we have to explain the other events with multi-regional models instead of a global model. I mean that various mythical floods and droughts do not represent a single global flood or drought. There appears to me to be a global water balance that can produce equal yet opposite reactions in remote (yet somehow connected) regions of the planet earth during a climatic perturbation. Looking at my data collected for my proposed 3200bce and 2200bce events, we see not a single global flood or a single global drought, but both floods and droughts along with volcanic activity and meteoritic impacts in different regions of the planet.

I can point to one example as proof of concept: when the Asian monsoon patterns and Atlantic circulation patterns were simultaneously upset around 2200bce, the effect was a simultaneous epic flood in China and a drought in the Middle East[18]. Likewise, the legendary flood of China was followed by a legendary drought. Therefore, the mythical floods were local/regional events and probably did not happen in isolation, but instead, can be correlated with other catastrophic events of a different kind in the same and in other regions of the world.

Andy Blackard (September 2005)


  1. 1- Beyond the Younger Dryas by Harvey Weiss
  2. Meteor clue to end of Middle East civilisations By Robert Matthews
  3. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Pub. 27, p. 192.
  4. Migrations, Ethnogenesis, and Settlement Dynamics: Israelites in Iron Age Canaan and Shuwa-Arabs in the Chad Basin by Thomas E. Levy
  5. Comets, Meteors & Myth: New Evidence for Toppled Civilizations and Biblical Tales
  6. A list of Recent Impact Craters
  7. The Development and Demise of the Early Bronze Age IV, Near Eastern Oil-Lamp
  8. Sumer, Babylon, and Hittites
  9. Cambridge Conference Correspondence
  10. A Holocene coastal aeolian system, Vejers, Denmark: landscape evolution and sequence stratigraphy
  11. Sea-Floor Dust Shows Drought Felled Akkadian Empire, Science 1998 279: 325-326
  12. An Antidote to Velikovskian Delusions by Leroy Ellenberger
  13. Chronology of Soil Evolution and Climatic Changes in the Dry Steppe Zone of the Northern Caucasus, Russia, During the 3rd Millennium BC
  14. Climate change and civilisation collapse Dr Benny Peiser
  15. Late-Holocene (post-4000 years BP) coastal dune development in Northumberland, northeast England
  16. Bridging the Myth and Science of the Flood By Harry Young
  17. Climate change in the Lake Valencia Basin, Venezuela, 12600 yr BP to present
  18. Revising the Contours of History at Tell Leilan by Harvey Weiss,
  19. Abrupt Climate Change around 4 ka BP: Role of the Thermohaline Circulation as Indicated by a GCM Experiment bay Wang Shaowu, et. al.
  20. Late Holocene climates of the Near East deduced from Dead Sea level variations and modern regional winter rainfall by Yehouda Enzel,e
  21. Assessing the impact of volcanic activity on mid-Holocene climate in Ireland: the need for replicate data
  22. Thufur formation in northern Iceland and its relation to holocene climate change
  23. Microanalytical Metal Technology Study of Ancient Near Eastern Bronzes from Tell Beydar
    24- Ice Cores May Yield Clues to 5,000-Year-old Mystery
  24. Ignatius Donnelly: Notes and References
  25. Lecture Notes: Olmec Culture of the Gulf Coast
  26. Underworld by Graham Hancock
  27. Disaster that struck the ancients-BBC News
  28. Cambridge Conference:Sea-Floor Dust
  29. Why did the first great civilisations collapse suddenly and at the same time around 2200 BC?.
  30. Cambridge Conference Notes
  31. Drought in Tell Leilan by Harvey Weiss
  32. Wikipedia:Phoenicia
  33. Recent Periods of Abrupt Climate Change-NOAA
  34. What scientific evidence do we have that abrupt climate change has happened before?
  35. Climate Crash: Abrupt Climate Change and What it Means for Our Future (2005) Joseph Henry Press
  36. What Drives Societal Collapse? By Harvey Weiss and Raymond S. Bradley
  37. Imperial Responses to Environmental Dynamics at Late Third Millennium Tell Leilan
  38. Sedimentology, stratigraphy and landscape evolution of a Holocene coastal dune system, Lodbjerg, NW Jutland, Denmark
  39. Cultural Responses to Climate During the Late Holocene by Peter B. deMenocal
  40. Evidence for a late Holocene warm and humid climate period and environmental characteristics in the arid zones of northwest China during 2.2-1.8 kyr B.P.
  41. The Mummies Of Urumchi - Natural History
  42. Sahara 'Stonehenge' oldest yet, scientists say
  43. Theosophy, Vol. 16, No. 2, December, 1927 (Pages 70-76; Size: 22K) (Number 23 of a 59-part series) Ancient Landmarks
    45- Mayan Prophecy
  44. Lebanon's History - Phoenician Beginnings
  45. The Fall of the Egyptian Old Kingdom By Professor Fekri Hassan
  46. Megaliths Co.UK - Aatronomical Geometry - 3117 BC
  47. Geomagnetic Field variations in northern Sweden during the Holocene quantified from varved lake sediments and their implications for cosmogenic nuclide production rates
  48. Old mound may lead to new ideas about people 5,000 years ago
  49. El Nino's past
  50. Timeline 3300BC - 1300BC
  51. The Teaching Company - "Mythology of the Near East"
  52. Abrupt Climate Changes Revisited: How Serious and How Likely?
  53. World History on Ice
  54. Global Climate Change and Peak Oil - Part II
  55. MSN Encarta:Stonehenge
  56. Kilimanjaro Ice Core Records: Evidence of Holocene Climate Change in Tropical Africa
  57. Fluctuations of sea level during the past 400 000 years: the record of Sinai, Egypt (northern Red Sea)
  58. Abrupt onset and termination of the African Humid Period
  59. Isotopic climate record in a Holocene stalagmite from Ursilor Cave (Romania)
  60. Evaluation of palaeoenvironmental changes during the last 18,000 years in the Myrtoon Basin, SW Aegean Sea
  61. Cosmogenic 36 Cl ages of lava flows in the Zuni–Bandera volcanic field, north­ central New Mexico
  62. Millennial- to century-scale variability in Gulf of Mexico Holocene climate records
  63. Climate change at the 4.2 ka BP termination of the Indus valley civilization and Holocene south Asian monsoon variability
  64. Holocene South Asian Monsoon Climate Change - Potential Mechanisms and Effects on Past Civilizations
  65. Holocene cuspate forelands in the Strait of Magellan, southern Chile
  66. Vegetation ecotone dynamics in Southwest Alaska during the Late Quaternary
  67. Evolution of late pleistocene and holocene climates in the circum-south pacific land areas
  68. Holocene vegetation dynamics in the northeastern Rub' al-Khali desert, Arabian Peninsula: a phytolith, pollen and carbon isotope study
  69. A late Holocene sea-level fluctuation in South Carolina: Quaternary coasts of the US Marine and Lacustrine Systems, SEPM Special Pub 48, p. 155-160.
  70. History of Ancient Civilization to the Greeks: Course Manual
  71. Architectural Marvels of Ancient Mesopotamia
  72. 6000 years of forest dynamics in Suserup Skov, a seminatural Danish woodland
  73. The Development of Information and Communication Technology
  74. The Geometry and Astronomy of Rujm el-Hiri, a Megalithic Site in the Southern Levant
  75. Timeline 3300BC - 1300BC
  76. The Patriarchs and the Origins of Judaism
  77. Human settlements already existed in the Amazon Basin (Ecuador) 4000 years ago
  78. The Emerging Picture of Prehistoric Arabia
  79. European Pyramids
  80. In the Kingdom of Nataraja
  81. Teotihuacan
  82. Pilgrimage Route Uncovered at South America's Lake Titicaca
  83. Architectural Marvels of Ancient Mesopotamia The land between the rivers
  84. Beaker People
  85. Power and the Emergence of Complex Polities in the Peruvian Preceramic
  86. Taiwan, Coastal China and Northern Vietnam and the Nusantao Maritime Trading Network
  87. Reassessing the Developmental and Chronological Relationships of the Formative of Coastal Ecuador
  88. The Transition to Agriculture: Climate Reversals, Population Density, and Technical Change
  89. Displacement of Yukon-derived sediment from Bering Sea to Chukchi Sea during Holocene time
  90. The San Lorenzo Fault, a new active fault in relation to the Esmeraldas-Tumaco seismic zone
  91. The Woodland and Mississippian traditions in the prehistory of Midwestern North America
  92. The Puzzle of Global Sea Level Rise
  93. Pan-Arctic variation in Juniperus communis: historical biogeography based on DNA fingerprinting
  94. Genetic Diversity in the Batini Barley Landrace from Oman
  95. Banana diversity in the Middle East (Jordan, Egypt, Oman)
  96. Recent Developments in Regard toAncient Transpacific Influence on the New World
  97. An LDS View of the Apparent Jomon-Valdivia Contact.
  98. Holocene periodicity in North Atlantic climate and deep ocean flow south of Iceland
  99. The secular variation of the geomagnetic field in Egypt in the last 5000 years
  100. Evidence for Major Impact Events in the late Third Millennium BC
  101. The Alpha and the Omega - Volume III
  102. Looking Inward: China's Historical and Theoretical Contributions to Educational Technology
  103. The Umm Benni Structure, in the Mesopotamian Marshlands of Southern Iraqa, as a postulated Late Holocene Meteorite Impact Crater
  104. Caucasian Mummies Found in China Are A Puzzle to Scholars
  105. Monsoon Climate of the Early Holocene: Climate Experiment with the Earth's Orbital Parameters for 9000 Years Ago
  106. Early World Cities
  107. Rise Of The Human Race - The Civilizations Of The Ancient Near East
  108. What is Lower Central American Archaeology?
  109. Sleuthing the Garden of Eden, Smithsonian, May 1987, pp127.
  110. Prehistoric Cultures of the American Southwest
  111. Echoes of Stone Age Cataclysms in the Baltic Sea
  112. Noah's Ark and the Ziausudra Epic by Robert M. Best
  113. Noah's Flood: The New Scientific Discoveries about the Event that Changed History by Ryan and Pitman
  114. Sudden climate transitions during the Quaternary By Jonathan Adams
  115. History Begins at Sumer by Samuel Noah Kramer
  116. The Making of Iraq
  117. History and Environment of North Carolina's Piedmont
  118. Dead Bones Dancing: The Taki Onqoy, Archaism, and Crisis In Sixteenth Century Peru
  119. A Chronology of Events, Places, Ecological and Societal Impacts
  120. The Art History Club: Kali Yuga
  121. Journal of the Northern Archeology Group
  122. Wikipedia: Holocene climatic optimum
  123. History's Timeline, a 40,000 Year Chronology of Civilization by Jean Cooke, Ann Kramer, Theodore Rowland-Entwistle
  124. The Shaping of Western Civilization by Ludwig Schaeffer, Daniel P. Resnick, George L. Netterville III
  125. The Bible as History by Werner Keller
  126. Some Thoughts on Measurement
  127. Giant wave hit ancient Scotland
  128. El Salvador History
  130. Timeline of Art History: Mesoamerican and Central America 8000-2000BC
  131. history.literate
  132. Kurgan Invasions
  133. Silk Road Chronology
  134. Man as Agriculturalist
  135. Precise dating of the Norfolk timber circle
  136. Storegga tsunami deposits in a coastal lake on Suðuroy, the Faroe Islands
  138. Critias by Plato
PreviousPage 1Page 2Page 3Page 4Page 5Page 6Page 7

Site design by Amazing Internet Ltd, maintenance by Synchronicity. G+. Site privacy policy. Contact us.

Dedicated Servers and Cloud Servers by Gigenet. Invert Colour Scheme / Default