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A Study Of Catastrophes circa-3200bce and circa-2200bce (cont.)
By Andy Blackard

Approximately 3000bce - Rebuilding of Civilization and Cultural Diffusion

Afterwards this series of apparent catastrophes, there appears to be significant evidence of the new Pacific weather patterns and the appearance of new cities and cultures, and ancient monuments and what could have been a great rebuilding of human civilization. Most of the climatic events appear to have been episodic and normal environmental conditions returned in the following centuries.

Of particular interest to me is the fact that in both America (3114bce) and India (3102bce) new calendars are started to mark the commencement of a new age of man immediately following legendary floods. In stark contrast to floods, Egypt and Mesopotamia simultaneously begin recovering from devastating droughts. Corn spreads out of Panama throughout America and appears simultaneously in archeological sites in China. Furthermore, evidence of the Jomon culture of ancient Japan is evident on the coast of South America. And even more dramatically, the transition of the copper to bronze age goes into full swing in both Greece and China. The oceans and weather patterns stablize and sea travel blooms. Driven together by the previous drought, the Saharan and Nile cultures combine in Egypt and a technological revolution resulted. New cultures and cities rise in Peru and Mesopotamia. Likewise new technologies of ceramics and architecture flourished all over the civilized world at this time in a renaissance that may have been the legendary golden age that Greek historians referred to later.

General

  • 3000bce: After rising continuously since LGM, the rate of sea-level reached present-day level and was 2 degrees warmer [94]
  • 3000bce: Copper was being refined by charcoal furnaces[126]
  • 3000bce: Cargo water craft gained widespread use[126]

Americas

  • 3114bce: Yucatan - Mayan Long Count A begins on August 13, 3114 BCE [26]
  • 3024bce: Mexico - Oldest clamshell mound in Americas at Chiapas [50]
  • 3000bce: Greenland - Minimum reached in ice sheet followed by readvancement [95]
  • 3000bce: Earliest record of corn production in Belize, New Mexico and Arizona
  • 3000bce: El Salvador - Pipil tribe arrives [131]
  • 3000bce: Mexico - Excavations in the Tehuacán valley in central Mexico have uncovered small cobs of Zea mays/maize [132]
  • 3000bce: Corn introduced into US southwest from Mesoamerica [112]
  • 3000bce: Ecuador - Jomon (Japan) style pottery found on Valdivian coast of Ecuador [98][99][123]
  • 3000bce: Peru - Huaca Prieta site on the Chicama River in Peru dates from about 3000bce
  • 3000bce: Peru -Rise of Norte Chico major residential and ceremonial centers [87]
  • 3000bce: Central Andes - Start of ceramic period [120]
  • 3000bce: Alaska - Deposition of Yukon sediment significantly increased in the Bering Sea [91]
  • 3000bce: North American - end of post-Pleistocene warming affected cultural development of midwest tribes [93]
  • 3000bce: Brazil - Manioc agriculture was intensive in the eastern Amazonian lowlands [110]
  • 3000bce: Peanuts and maize have been found at ancient Chinese sites dating back to 3000bce[123]
  • 2800bce: Panama - Monagrillo ceramics are made for many hundreds of years. [132]
  • 2627bce: Peru -Moche city of Caral in Peru peaked after rise of culture since 3000bce

Africa

  • 3000bce: Bricks first used in Egypt and Assyrian cultures[125]
  • 3000bce: Egypt - The first dynasty started with the reign of King Narmer and unification of upper & lower Egypt
  • 3000bce: Egypt - Herdsmen in Egypt attempted domestication of animals[136]
  • 2980bce: The first pyramid in Egypt [77]
  • 2780bce: Egypt - Imhotep designs step pyramid for King Zoser [125]
  • 2700bce: Egypt - Cheops builds great pyramid [125]
  • 2700bce: Egypt - Potters wheel reaches Egypt from Asia Minor[126]

Middle East

  • 3100bce: Mesopotamia - Highly-urban phase of Sumer [109]
  • 3000bce: Mesopotamia - Wheeled vehicles in use [126]
  • 3000bce: Bricks first used in Egypt and Assyrian cultures[125]
  • 3000bce: Mesopotamia - Sumerians arrive and organize under king Etana [126]
  • 3000bce: Early dynastic period of Uruk/Sumer founded [72] [73]
  • 3000bce Lebanon - Phoenicians arrive in Lebanon [46]
  • 3000bce: Syria - Outer wall of Rujm el-Hiri aligned with solstice[76]
  • 3000bce: Oman- appearance of new pottery style [80]
  • 3000bce: Asia Minor - Horses, asses and camels in use [126]
  • 3000bce: Kurgans first horse riders [134]
  • 2900bce: Mari, Syria rises in 2900bce as advanced metallurgical center
  • 2800bce: Mesopotamia - Rise of the Sumerian cities [109]
  • 2750-2600bce:Mesopotamia - Gilgamesh king of Uruk, Sumeria Gilgamesh epic includes flood story.[53][125]
  • 2750bce: Founding of Tyre, according to Herodotus.
  • 2700bce: Oldest historical king of Kish, Mebaragesi, overthrew Elamite invaders

India

  • 3102bce: India - 18 February 3102 BC is day 0 according to the Surya Siddhanta, is basis of Hindu and Buddhist calendars. [122]

Far East

  • 3000bce: South Pacific weather patterns stabilized to their modern patterns [69]
  • 3000bce: monsoon rains were stronger between 10,000 and 5000 years ago than they are today.[107]
  • 3000bce: Abacus developed [75]
  • 3000bce: South India: Introduction of pottery [82]
  • 3000bce: Nusantao maritime trading network between Taiwan, coastal South China and Northern Viet Nam developed[88]
  • 3000bce: Peanuts and maize have been found at ancient Chinese sites dating back to 3000bce[123]
  • 3000bce: Japan - Start of Jomon Middle cultural era; huge population explosion [89]
  • 3000bce: China - Silk first produced [135]
  • 2697bce: China - Huang-ti, "Yellow Emperor" [125]

Europe

  • 2900bce: First construction at Stonehenge completed [57]
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